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Oracle 11g for linux X86的SILENT安裝

2008-08-06 07:16:40  編輯來源:互聯網  简体版  手機版  評論  字體: ||
 
 
  Oracle 11.1.0.6 for linux X86 64的SILENT安裝

  首先是檢查系統硬件情況:

  代碼:

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo

  MemTotal: 8178836 kB

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# grep SwapTotal /proc/meminfo

  SwapTotal: 8385888 kB

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# free

  total used free shared buffers cached

  Mem: 8178836 5297744 2881092 0 122512 4773424

  -/+ buffers/cache: 401808 7777028

  Swap: 8385888 0 8385888

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# df -k /dev/shm

  Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on

  tmpfs 4089416 0 4089416 0% /dev/shm

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# df -k /tmp

  Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on

  /dev/sda7 10153988 428132 9201740 5% /

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# df -k /data

  Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on

  /dev/sda9 207275064 3933228 192642952 3% /data

  要求內存不小于1G,在內存小于2G,SWAP應該是內存的1.5倍,內存2到8G,

  SWAP和內存相同大小即可,內存超過8G,SWAP是內存的0.75倍。

  由于11g對于共享內存要求變大,因此系統共享內存應該大于512*進程數,

  如果共享內存不足的話,會造成ORA-845或ORA-1078錯誤。

  要求臨時表空間不少于200M,安裝目錄應大于4G。

  下面檢查系統軟件情況:

  代碼:

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# cat /proc/version

  Linux version 2.6.18-8.el5 (mockbuild@ca-build14)

  (gcc version 4.1.1 20070105 (Red Hat 4.1.1-52)) #1

  SMP Tue Jun 5 23:25:19 EDT 2007

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# uname -a

  Linux enterprice64 2.6.18-8.el5 #1 SMP Tue Jun 5

  23:25:19 EDT 2007 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# more /etc/issue

  Enterprise Linux Enterprise Linux Server release 5 (Carthage)

  Kernel r on an m

  .

  對操作系統要求:

  Asianux 2.0

  Asianux 3.0

  Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.0

  Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.0

  Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0

  Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.0

  SUSE Enterprise Linux 10.0

  系統內核爲2.6.9(Asianux 2.0、Oracle Enterprise Linux

  4.0、Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0),2.6.18

  (Asianux 3.0、Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.0、

  Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.0),或2.6.16.21(SUSE Enterprise Linux 10.0)。

  對于ES4,oracle需要一下包:

  binutils-2.17.50.0.6

  compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3

  compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3 (32 bit)

  elfutils-libelf-0.125

  elfutils-libelf-devel-0.125

  gcc-4.1.1

  gcc-c++-4.1.1

  glibc-2.5-12

  glibc-2.5-12 (32 bit)

  glibc-common-2.5

  glibc-devel-2.5

  glibc-devel-2.5-12 (32 bit)

  libaio-0.3.106

  libaio-0.3.106 (32 bit)

  libaio-devel-0.3.106

  libgcc-4.1.1

  libgcc-4.1.1 (32 bit)

  libstdc++-4.1.1

  libstdc++-4.1.1 (32 bit)

  libstdc++-devel 4.1.1

  make-3.81

  sysstat-7.0.0

  通過rpm –qa查詢是否所有需要的包都以及安裝,如果沒有安裝的通過

  rpm –ivh命令進行安裝。

  檢查網絡情況:

  代碼:

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# cat /etc/nsswitch.conf|grep hosts

  #hosts: db files nisplus nis dns

  hosts: files dns

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# hostname

  enterprice64

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# domainname

  (none)

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# more /etc/hosts

  # Do not remove the following line, or various programs

  # that require network functionality will fail.

  127.0.0.1 enterprice64 localhost.localdomain localhost

  172.25.13.195 enterprice64

  建立Oracle用戶和dba組:

  代碼:

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# groupadd oinstall

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# groupadd dba

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# groupadd asadmin

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# useradd -g oinstall -G dba,asadmin oracle

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# passwd oracle

  Changing password for user oracle.

  New UNIX password:

  BAD PASSWORD: it is based on a dictionary word

  Retype new UNIX password:

  passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# id nobody

  uid=99(nobody) gid=99(nobody) groups=99(nobody) context=root:system_r:unconfined_t:SystemLow-SystemHigh

  

  建立oinstall、dba和asadmin組。創建好用戶後,檢查nobody用戶是否存在。

  不存在的話,建立該用戶。

  檢測並修改系統的核心參數,編輯/etc/sysctl.conf文件,添加下面的配置,

  保存後重啓系統。注意,如果系統默認的配置比這裏給出的值大,不要修改原有配置。

  fs.file-max = 512 * PROCESSES

  kernel.shmall = 2097152

  kernel.shmmax = 2147483648

  kernel.shmmni = 4096

  kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

  net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000

  net.core.rmem_default = 4194304

  net.core.rmem_max = 4194304

  net.core.wmem_default = 262144

  net.core.wmem_max = 262144

  配置oracle用戶的環境變量和shell限制,編輯/etc/security/limits.conf,添加下面的內容:

  oracle soft nproc 2047

  oracle hard nproc 16384

  oracle soft nofile 1024

  oracle hard nofile 65536

  編輯/etc/pam.d/login文件,添加下面的內容:

  session required /lib/security/pam_limits.so

  session required pam_limits.so

  編輯oracle用戶目錄下的.bash_rc文件,添加下列環境變量:

  umask 022

  if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then

  if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then

  ulimit -p 16384

  ulimit -n 65536

  else

  ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

  fi

  fi

  export TMP=/tmp

  export TMPDIR=/tmp

  export ORACLE_BASE=/data/oracle

  export ORACLE_SID=ora11g64

  export ORACLE_HOME=/data/oracle/product/11.1

  最後建立安裝Oracle所需的目錄結構。

  代碼:

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# mkdir -p /data/oracle/product/11.1

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# chown -R oracle.oinstall /data

  准備工作做完了下面開始進行Silent方式的安裝。

  首先設置oraInst.loc文件:

  代碼:

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# ls -l /etc/oraInst.loc

  -rw-rw-r-- 1 oracle dba 61 Oct 19 17:25 /etc/oraInst.loc

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# more /etc/oraInst.loc

  inventory_loc=/data/oracle/oraInventory

  inst_group=oinstall

  確保/etc/oraInst.loc中包含上面的信息,且Oracle包含訪問權限。

  根據希望安裝的數據庫類型選擇Silent的response_file文件的類似,

  比如:enterprise.rsp、standard.rsp還是custom.rsp。

  這裏選擇enterpise.rsp類型,

  安裝盤中的database/response目錄下對應的response文件拷貝出來,

  根據文件裏面的提示對輸入值進行修改。

  比如這個例子中對如下的參數進行設置:

  UNIX_GROUP_NAME="oinstall"

  FROM_LOCATION="/data/database/stage/products.xml"

  ORACLE_BASE="/data/oracle"

  ORACLE_HOME="/data/oracle/product/11.1"

  ORACLE_HOME_NAME="ORADBHOME11"

  SHOW_ROOTSH_CONFIRMATION=false

  RESTART_SYSTEM=false

  RESTART_REMOTE_SYSTEM=false

  COMPONENT_LANGUAGES={"zh_CN"}

  s_nameForDBAGrp="dba"

  s_nameForOPERGrp="oinstall"

  s_nameForASMGrp="asadmin"

  n_configurationOption=3

  s_ASMSYSPassword="asm"

  s_ASMSYSPasswordAgain="asm"

  注意,所有的字符串需要放在雙引號中,注意大小寫。數字和布爾變量直接寫就可以。

  由于這裏沒有選擇建立數據庫而只安裝軟件,因此沒有設置數據庫相關的配置參數。

  代碼:

  [oracle@enterprice64 data]$ chmod 700 enterprise.rsp

  下面可以開始SILENT安裝了:

  注意,響應文件需要使用絕對路徑。

  代碼:

  [oracle@enterprice64 database]$ ./runInstaller -silent -noconfig -responseFile /data/database/enterprise.rsp

  Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

  Checking Temp space: must be greater than 120 MB.

  Actual 8886 MB Passed

  Checking swap space: must be greater than 150 MB.

  Actual 8189 MB Passed

  Preparing to launch Oracle Universal

  Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2007-10-19_06-40-04PM.

  Please wait ...[oracle@enterprice64 database]$

  Oracle Universal Installer, Version 11.1.0.6.0 Production

  Copyright (C) 1999, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.

  You can find the log of this install session at:

  /data/oracle/oraInventory/logs/installActions2007-10-19_06-40-04PM.log

  ............................................................ 100% Done.

  Loading Product Information

  ..........................................................100% Done.

  Starting execution of Prerequisites...

  Total No of checks: 14

  Performing check for CertifiedVersions

  Checking operating system requirements ...

  Expected result: One of enterprise-4,enterprise-5,redhat-4,

  redhat-5,SuSE-10,asianux-2,asianux-3

  Actual Result: enterprise-5

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  Performing check for Packages

  Checking operating system package requirements ...

  Checking for make-3.81; found make-1:3.81-1.1-x86_64. Passed

  Checking for binutils-2.17.50.0.6;

  found binutils-2.17.50.0.6-2.el5-x86_64. Passed

  Checking for gcc-4.1.1; found gcc-4.1.1-52.el5-x86_64. Passed

  .

  .

  .

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  Performing check for Kernel

  Checking kernel parameters

  Checking for semmsl=250; found semmsl=250. Passed

  .

  .

  .

  Checking for wmem_max=262144; found wmem_max=262144. Passed

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  Performing check for GLIBC

  Checking Recommended glibc version

  Expected result: ATLEAST=2.5-12

  Actual Result: 2.5-12

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  Performing check for TotalMemory

  Checking physical memory requirements ...

  Expected result: 922MB

  Actual Result: 7984MB

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  Performing check for SwapSpace

  Checking available swap space requirements ...

  Expected result: 7984MB

  Actual Result: 8189MB

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  Performing check for DetectIfDHCPAssignedIP

  Checking Network Configuration requirements ...

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Not executed <<<<

  Check complete: Not executed <<<<

  Recommendation: Oracle supports installations on systems with

  DHCP-assigned public IP addresses. However, the primary

  network interface on the system should be configured with

  a static IP address in order for the Oracle Software to

  function properly. See the Installation Guide for more

  details on installing the software on systems configured with DHCP.

  ========================================================

  Performing check for CheckPathForOtherOracleHomes

  Checking PATH environment variable...

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  Performing check for CheckTempDiskSpace

  Checking for sufficient diskspace in TEMP location...

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  Performing check for CheckLdLibraryPath

  Checking LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable...

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  Performing check for OracleBase

  Validating ORACLE_BASE location (if set) ...

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  Performing check for OracleHomeSpace

  Checking Oracle Home path for spaces...

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  Performing check for DetectAnyInvalidASMHome

  Checking for proper system clean-up....

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  Performing check for CompatibilityChecks_DB

  Checking for Oracle Home incompatibilities ....

  Actual Result: NEW_HOME

  Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed

  Check complete: Passed

  ========================================================

  PrereqChecks complete

  Analyzing dependencies

  .....................................................100% Done.

  --------------------------------------------------------------

  Summary

  Global Settings

  Source: /data/database/stage/products.xml

  Oracle Base: /data/oracle

  Oracle Home: /data/oracle/product/11.1 (ORADBHOME11)

  Installation Type: Enterprise Edition

  Product Languages

  Simplified Chinese

  English

  Space Requirements

  / Required 226MB (only as temporary space) : Available 8.56GB

  /data/ Required 3.63GB : Available 181.86GB

  New Installations (126 products)

  Oracle Database 11g 11.1.0.6.0

  Enterprise Edition Options 11.1.0.6.0

  Oracle Partitioning 11.1.0.6.0

  .

  .

  .

  Oracle Universal Installer 11.1.0.6.0

  Oracle One-Off Patch Installer 11.1.0.6.0

  Installer SDK Component 11.1.0.6.0

  Sun JDK 1.5.0.11.0

  ----------------------------------------------------------

  Installation in progress (Fri Oct 19 18:40:20 CST 2007)

  ............................................................... 6% Done.

  ............................................................... 12% Done.

  ............................................................... 19% Done.

  ............................................................... 25% Done.

  ............................................................... 31% Done.

  ............................................................... 38% Done.

  ............................................................... 44% Done.

  ............................................................... 50% Done.

  ............................................................... 57% Done.

  ............................................................... 63% Done.

  ............................................................... 69% Done.

  ............................................................... 76% Done.

  ................................................. 81% Done.

  Install successful

  Linking in progress (Fri Oct 19 18:42:27 CST 2007)

  .. 81% Done.

  Link successful

  Setup in progress (Fri Oct 19 18:43:33 CST 2007)

  ................................... 100% Done.

  Setup successful

  End of install phases.(Fri Oct 19 18:43:36 CST 2007)

  WARNING:

  The following configuration scripts need to be executed as the "root" user.

  #!/bin/sh

  #Root script to run

  /data/oracle/product/11.1/root.sh

  To execute the configuration scripts:

  1. Open a terminal window

  2. Log in as "root"

  3. Run the scripts

  The installation of Oracle Database 11g was successful.

  Please check '/data/oracle/oraInventory/logs/

  silentInstall2007-10-19_06-40-04PM.log' for more details.

  最後使用root執行一下$ORACLE_HOME/root.sh腳本就可以了。

  不過這裏Oracle存在一個bug,在root.sh腳本中,自動將OUI_SILENT參數設置爲TRUE,

  而後的檢查中,如果發現這個值爲TRUE,那麽這個腳本運行會自動退出了。

  這裏需要手工將其修改爲FALSE,然後使用root執行:

  代碼:

  [root@enterprice64 11.1]# ./root.sh

  Running Oracle 11g root.sh script...

  The following environment variables are set as:

  ORACLE_OWNER= oracle

  ORACLE_HOME= /data/oracle/product/11.1

  Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:

  The file "dbhome" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n)

  [n]: y

  Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...

  The file "oraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n)

  [n]: y

  Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

  The file "coraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n)

  [n]: y

  Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

  Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by

  Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created

  Finished running generic part of root.sh script.

  Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

  Finished product-specific root actions.

  

  對于root.sh的執行不要使用. root.sh的方式,這種方式可能造成腳本陷入死循環。

  至此,數據庫軟件的安裝已經完成,如果系統啓動了SELINUX,那麽這裏還需要處理一個bug:

  利用root改變SELINUX的設置:

  代碼:

  [root@enterprice64 ~]# setenforce 0

  至此,Oracle軟件已經安裝完畢:

  代碼:

  [oracle@enterprice64 ~]$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"

  SQL*Plus: Release 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on Mon Oct 22 14:07:28 2007

  Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.

  Connected to an idle instance.

  SQL>

  上面介紹了如何在SILENT方式下安裝11.1.0.6:http://yangtingkun.itpub.net/post/468/407375

  這篇繼續介紹SILENT模式下的數據庫建立過程。

  通過SILENT模式安裝數據庫之後,下面繼續使用SILENT模式進行數據庫的建立,仍然是拷貝安裝目錄下的/database/reponse/dbca.rsp到安裝目錄,並進行編譯,根據數據庫建立方式的不同編輯不同的數據庫庫選項。

  比如在本次安裝過程中設置了下列參數:

  RESPONSEFILE_VERSION = "11.1.0"

  OPERATION_TYPE = "createDatabase"

  GDBNAME = "ora11g64.us.oracle.com"

  SID = "ora11g64"

  TEMPLATENAME = "New_Database.dbt"

  SYSPASSWORD = "test"

  SYSTEMPASSWORD = "test"

  SYSMANPASSWORD = "test"

  DBSNMPPASSWORD = "test"

  DATAFILEDESTINATION ="/data/oracle/oradata/ora11g64"

  RECOVERYAREADESTINATION="/data/oracle/flash_recovery_area"

  CHARACTERSET = "ZHS16GBK"

  TOTALMEMORY = "6000"

  TEMPLATENAME = "ora11g64"

  GDBNAME = "ora11g64.us.oracle.com"

  SCRIPTDESTINATION ="/data/oracle/admin/ora11g64/scripts"

  其中最後三項不是必須的,這個的目的是在建立數據庫的同時生成腳本。

  下面就可以開始SILENT模式的數據庫創建了:

  代碼:

  [oracle@enterprice64 database]$ dbca -silent -responseFile /data/database/dbca.rsp

  Creating and starting Oracle instance

  1% complete

  3% complete

  Creating database files

  6% complete

  Creating data dictionary views

  7% complete

  8% complete

  9% complete

  10% complete

  11% complete

  12% complete

  14% complete

  16% complete

  17% complete

  18% complete

  Adding Oracle JVM

  23% complete

  28% complete

  33% complete

  35% complete

  Adding Oracle Text

  36% complete

  37% complete

  38% complete

  Adding Oracle XML DB

  40% complete

  41% complete

  42% complete

  45% complete

  Adding Oracle Multimedia

  46% complete

  47% complete

  56% complete

  Adding Oracle OLAP

  57% complete

  58% complete

  59% complete

  Adding Oracle Spatial

  60% complete

  61% complete

  62% complete

  63% complete

  66% complete

  Adding Oracle Ultra Search

  67% complete

  73% complete

  Adding Enterprise Manager Repository

  75% complete

  76% complete

  Adding Oracle Application Express

  80% complete

  83% complete

  Adding Oracle Warehouse Builder

  87% complete

  90% complete

  Completing Database Creation

  91% complete

  92% complete

  93% complete

  94% complete

  97% complete

  100% complete

  Look at the log file "/data/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ora11g64/ora11g64.log" for further details.

  數據庫建立完成:

  代碼:

  [oracle@enterprice64 database]$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"

  SQL*Plus: Release 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on Mon Oct 22 17:28:02 2007

  Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.

  Connected to:

  Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.1.0.6.0 - 64bit Production

  With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

  SQL> select * from v$version;

  BANNER

  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.1.0.6.0 - 64bit Production

  PL/SQL Release 11.1.0.6.0 - Production

  CORE 11.1.0.6.0 Production

  TNS for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production

  NLSRTL Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production

  最後可以利用netca來SILENT方式設置網絡部分,同樣的方法設置netca.rsp:

  RESPONSEFILE_VERSION="11.1"

  CREATE_TYPE= "CUSTOM"

  SHOW_GUI=false

  LOG_FILE=""/data/oracle/product/11.1/network/tools/log/netca.log""

  INSTALLED_COMPONENTS={"server","net8","javavm"}

  INSTALL_TYPE=""typical""

  LISTENER_NUMBER=1

  LISTENER_NAMES={"LISTENER"}

  LISTENER_PROTOCOLS={"TCP;1521"}

  LISTENER_START=""LISTENER""

  NAMING_METHODS={"TNSNAMES","ONAMES","HOSTNAME"}

  設置的參數包括上面的部分,然後就可以使用netca啓動silent配置:

  代碼:

  [oracle@enterprice64 database]$ netca /silent /responseFile /data/database/netca.rsp

  Mon Oct 22 18:26:40 CST 2007 Oracle Net Configuration Assistant

  Parsing command line arguments:

  Parameter "silent" = true

  Parameter "responsefile" = /data/database/netca.rsp

  Parameter "log" = /data/oracle/product/11.1/network/tools/log/netca.log

  Done parsing command line arguments.

  Oracle Net Services Configuration:

  Profile configuration complete.

  Listener started at port:1521

  Oracle Net Listener Startup:

  Running Listener Control:

  /data/oracle/product/11.1/bin/lsnrctl start LISTENER

  Listener Control complete.

  Listener started successfully.

  Listener configuration complete.

  Oracle Net Services configuration successful. The exit code is 0

  [oracle@enterprice64 database]$ lsnrctl status

  LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 22-OCT-2007 18:31:20

  Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.

  Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))

  STATUS of the LISTENER

  ------------------------

  Alias LISTENER

  Version TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production

  Start Date 22-OCT-2007 18:26:40

  Uptime 0 days 0 hr. 4 min. 39 sec

  Trace Level off

  Security ON: Local OS Authentication

  SNMP OFF

  Listener Parameter File /data/oracle/product/11.1/network/admin/listener.ora

  Listener Log File /data/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/enterprice64/listener/alert/log.xml

  Listening Endpoints Summary...

  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))

  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=enterprice64)(PORT=1521)))

  Services Summary...

  Service "ora11g64.us.oracle.com" has 1 instance(s).

  Instance "ora11g64", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

  Service "ora11g64XDB.us.oracle.com" has 1 instance(s).

  Instance "ora11g64", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

  Service "ora11g64_XPT.us.oracle.com" has 1 instance(s).

  Instance "ora11g64", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

  The command completed successfully

  至此,SILENT安裝方式完成。
 
 
 
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Oracle 11.1.0.6 for linux X86 64的SILENT安裝 首先是檢查系統硬件情況: 代碼: [root@enterprice64 ~]# grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo MemTotal: 8178836 kB [root@enterprice64 ~]# grep SwapTotal /proc/meminfo SwapTotal: 8385888 kB [root@enterprice64 ~]# free total used free shared buffers cached Mem: 8178836 5297744 2881092 0 122512 4773424 -/+ buffers/cache: 401808 7777028 Swap: 8385888 0 8385888 [root@enterprice64 ~]# df -k /dev/shm Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on tmpfs 4089416 0 4089416 0% /dev/shm [root@enterprice64 ~]# df -k /tmp Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on /dev/sda7 10153988 428132 9201740 5% / [root@enterprice64 ~]# df -k /data Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on /dev/sda9 207275064 3933228 192642952 3% /data 要求內存不小于1G,在內存小于2G,SWAP應該是內存的1.5倍,內存2到8G, SWAP和內存相同大小即可,內存超過8G,SWAP是內存的0.75倍。 由于11g對于共享內存要求變大,因此系統共享內存應該大于512*進程數, 如果共享內存不足的話,會造成ORA-845或ORA-1078錯誤。 要求臨時表空間不少于200M,安裝目錄應大于4G。 下面檢查系統軟件情況: 代碼: [root@enterprice64 ~]# cat /proc/version Linux version 2.6.18-8.el5 ([url=mailto:mockbuild@ca-build14]mockbuild@ca-build14[/url]) (gcc version 4.1.1 20070105 (Red Hat 4.1.1-52)) #1 SMP Tue Jun 5 23:25:19 EDT 2007 [root@enterprice64 ~]# uname -a Linux enterprice64 2.6.18-8.el5 #1 SMP Tue Jun 5 23:25:19 EDT 2007 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux [root@enterprice64 ~]# more /etc/issue Enterprise Linux Enterprise Linux Server release 5 (Carthage) Kernel r on an m . 對操作系統要求: Asianux 2.0 Asianux 3.0 Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.0 Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.0 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.0 SUSE Enterprise Linux 10.0 系統內核爲2.6.9(Asianux 2.0、Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.0、Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0),2.6.18 (Asianux 3.0、Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.0、 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.0),或2.6.16.21(SUSE Enterprise Linux 10.0)。 對于ES4,oracle需要一下包: binutils-2.17.50.0.6 compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3 compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3 (32 bit) elfutils-libelf-0.125 elfutils-libelf-devel-0.125 gcc-4.1.1 gcc-c++-4.1.1 glibc-2.5-12 glibc-2.5-12 (32 bit) glibc-common-2.5 glibc-devel-2.5 glibc-devel-2.5-12 (32 bit) libaio-0.3.106 libaio-0.3.106 (32 bit) libaio-devel-0.3.106 libgcc-4.1.1 libgcc-4.1.1 (32 bit) libstdc++-4.1.1 libstdc++-4.1.1 (32 bit) libstdc++-devel 4.1.1 make-3.81 sysstat-7.0.0 通過rpm –qa查詢是否所有需要的包都以及安裝,如果沒有安裝的通過 rpm –ivh命令進行安裝。 檢查網絡情況: 代碼: [root@enterprice64 ~]# cat /etc/nsswitch.conf|grep hosts #hosts: db files nisplus nis dns hosts: files dns [root@enterprice64 ~]# hostname enterprice64 [root@enterprice64 ~]# domainname (none) [root@enterprice64 ~]# more /etc/hosts # Do not remove the following line, or various programs # that require network functionality will fail. 127.0.0.1 enterprice64 localhost.localdomain localhost 172.25.13.195 enterprice64 建立Oracle用戶和dba組: 代碼: [root@enterprice64 ~]# groupadd oinstall [root@enterprice64 ~]# groupadd dba [root@enterprice64 ~]# groupadd asadmin [root@enterprice64 ~]# useradd -g oinstall -G dba,asadmin oracle [root@enterprice64 ~]# passwd oracle Changing password for user oracle. New UNIX password: BAD PASSWORD: it is based on a dictionary word Retype new UNIX password: passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully. [root@enterprice64 ~]# id nobody uid=99(nobody) gid=99(nobody) groups=99(nobody) context=root:system_r:unconfined_t:SystemLow-SystemHigh 建立oinstall、dba和asadmin組。創建好用戶後,檢查nobody用戶是否存在。 不存在的話,建立該用戶。 檢測並修改系統的核心參數,編輯/etc/sysctl.conf文件,添加下面的配置, 保存後重啓系統。注意,如果系統默認的配置比這裏給出的值大,不要修改原有配置。 fs.file-max = 512 * PROCESSES kernel.shmall = 2097152 kernel.shmmax = 2147483648 kernel.shmmni = 4096 kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128 net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000 net.core.rmem_default = 4194304 net.core.rmem_max = 4194304 net.core.wmem_default = 262144 net.core.wmem_max = 262144 配置oracle用戶的環境變量和shell限制,編輯/etc/security/limits.conf,添加下面的內容: oracle soft nproc 2047 oracle hard nproc 16384 oracle soft nofile 1024 oracle hard nofile 65536 編輯/etc/pam.d/login文件,添加下面的內容: session required /lib/security/pam_limits.so session required pam_limits.so 編輯oracle用戶目錄下的.bash_rc文件,添加下列環境變量: umask 022 if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then ulimit -p 16384 ulimit -n 65536 else ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536 fi fi export TMP=/tmp export TMPDIR=/tmp export ORACLE_BASE=/data/oracle export ORACLE_SID=ora11g64 export ORACLE_HOME=/data/oracle/product/11.1 最後建立安裝Oracle所需的目錄結構。 代碼: [root@enterprice64 ~]# mkdir -p /data/oracle/product/11.1 [root@enterprice64 ~]# chown -R oracle.oinstall /data 准備工作做完了下面開始進行Silent方式的安裝。 首先設置oraInst.loc文件: 代碼: [root@enterprice64 ~]# ls -l /etc/oraInst.loc -rw-rw-r-- 1 oracle dba 61 Oct 19 17:25 /etc/oraInst.loc [root@enterprice64 ~]# more /etc/oraInst.loc inventory_loc=/data/oracle/oraInventory inst_group=oinstall 確保/etc/oraInst.loc中包含上面的信息,且Oracle包含訪問權限。 根據希望安裝的數據庫類型選擇Silent的response_file文件的類似, 比如:enterprise.rsp、standard.rsp還是custom.rsp。 這裏選擇enterpise.rsp類型, 安裝盤中的database/response目錄下對應的response文件拷貝出來, 根據文件裏面的提示對輸入值進行修改。 比如這個例子中對如下的參數進行設置: UNIX_GROUP_NAME="oinstall" FROM_LOCATION="/data/database/stage/products.xml" ORACLE_BASE="/data/oracle" ORACLE_HOME="/data/oracle/product/11.1" ORACLE_HOME_NAME="ORADBHOME11" SHOW_ROOTSH_CONFIRMATION=false RESTART_SYSTEM=false RESTART_REMOTE_SYSTEM=false COMPONENT_LANGUAGES={"zh_CN"} s_nameForDBAGrp="dba" s_nameForOPERGrp="oinstall" s_nameForASMGrp="asadmin" n_configurationOption=3 s_ASMSYSPassword="asm" s_ASMSYSPasswordAgain="asm" 注意,所有的字符串需要放在雙引號中,注意大小寫。數字和布爾變量直接寫就可以。 由于這裏沒有選擇建立數據庫而只安裝軟件,因此沒有設置數據庫相關的配置參數。 代碼: [oracle@enterprice64 data]$ chmod 700 enterprise.rsp 下面可以開始SILENT安裝了: 注意,響應文件需要使用絕對路徑。 代碼: [oracle@enterprice64 database]$ ./runInstaller -silent -noconfig -responseFile /data/database/enterprise.rsp Starting Oracle Universal Installer... Checking Temp space: must be greater than 120 MB. Actual 8886 MB Passed Checking swap space: must be greater than 150 MB. Actual 8189 MB Passed Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2007-10-19_06-40-04PM. Please wait ...[oracle@enterprice64 database]$ Oracle Universal Installer, Version 11.1.0.6.0 Production Copyright (C) 1999, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved. You can find the log of this install session at: /data/oracle/oraInventory/logs/installActions2007-10-19_06-40-04PM.log ............................................................ 100% Done. Loading Product Information ..........................................................100% Done. Starting execution of Prerequisites... Total No of checks: 14 Performing check for CertifiedVersions Checking operating system requirements ... Expected result: One of enterprise-4,enterprise-5,redhat-4, redhat-5,SuSE-10,asianux-2,asianux-3 Actual Result: enterprise-5 Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== Performing check for Packages Checking operating system package requirements ... Checking for make-3.81; found make-1:3.81-1.1-x86_64. Passed Checking for binutils-2.17.50.0.6; found binutils-2.17.50.0.6-2.el5-x86_64. Passed Checking for gcc-4.1.1; found gcc-4.1.1-52.el5-x86_64. Passed . . . Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== Performing check for Kernel Checking kernel parameters Checking for semmsl=250; found semmsl=250. Passed . . . Checking for wmem_max=262144; found wmem_max=262144. Passed Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== Performing check for GLIBC Checking Recommended glibc version Expected result: ATLEAST=2.5-12 Actual Result: 2.5-12 Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== Performing check for TotalMemory Checking physical memory requirements ... Expected result: 922MB Actual Result: 7984MB Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== Performing check for SwapSpace Checking available swap space requirements ... Expected result: 7984MB Actual Result: 8189MB Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== Performing check for DetectIfDHCPAssignedIP Checking Network Configuration requirements ... Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Not executed <<<< Check complete: Not executed <<<< Recommendation: Oracle supports installations on systems with DHCP-assigned public IP addresses. However, the primary network interface on the system should be configured with a static IP address in order for the Oracle Software to function properly. See the Installation Guide for more details on installing the software on systems configured with DHCP. ======================================================== Performing check for CheckPathForOtherOracleHomes Checking PATH environment variable... Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== Performing check for CheckTempDiskSpace Checking for sufficient diskspace in TEMP location... Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== Performing check for CheckLdLibraryPath Checking LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable... Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== Performing check for OracleBase Validating ORACLE_BASE location (if set) ... Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== Performing check for OracleHomeSpace Checking Oracle Home path for spaces... Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== Performing check for DetectAnyInvalidASMHome Checking for proper system clean-up.... Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== Performing check for CompatibilityChecks_DB Checking for Oracle Home incompatibilities .... Actual Result: NEW_HOME Check complete. The overall result of this check is: Passed Check complete: Passed ======================================================== PrereqChecks complete Analyzing dependencies .....................................................100% Done. -------------------------------------------------------------- Summary Global Settings Source: /data/database/stage/products.xml Oracle Base: /data/oracle Oracle Home: /data/oracle/product/11.1 (ORADBHOME11) Installation Type: Enterprise Edition Product Languages Simplified Chinese English Space Requirements / Required 226MB (only as temporary space) : Available 8.56GB /data/ Required 3.63GB : Available 181.86GB New Installations (126 products) Oracle Database 11g 11.1.0.6.0 Enterprise Edition Options 11.1.0.6.0 Oracle Partitioning 11.1.0.6.0 . . . Oracle Universal Installer 11.1.0.6.0 Oracle One-Off Patch Installer 11.1.0.6.0 Installer SDK Component 11.1.0.6.0 Sun JDK 1.5.0.11.0 ---------------------------------------------------------- Installation in progress (Fri Oct 19 18:40:20 CST 2007) ............................................................... 6% Done. ............................................................... 12% Done. ............................................................... 19% Done. ............................................................... 25% Done. ............................................................... 31% Done. ............................................................... 38% Done. ............................................................... 44% Done. ............................................................... 50% Done. ............................................................... 57% Done. ............................................................... 63% Done. ............................................................... 69% Done. ............................................................... 76% Done. ................................................. 81% Done. Install successful Linking in progress (Fri Oct 19 18:42:27 CST 2007) .. 81% Done. Link successful Setup in progress (Fri Oct 19 18:43:33 CST 2007) ................................... 100% Done. Setup successful End of install phases.(Fri Oct 19 18:43:36 CST 2007) WARNING: The following configuration scripts need to be executed as the "root" user. #!/bin/sh #Root script to run /data/oracle/product/11.1/root.sh To execute the configuration scripts: 1. Open a terminal window 2. Log in as "root" 3. Run the scripts The installation of Oracle Database 11g was successful. Please check '/data/oracle/oraInventory/logs/ silentInstall2007-10-19_06-40-04PM.log' for more details. 最後使用root執行一下$ORACLE_HOME/root.sh腳本就可以了。 不過這裏Oracle存在一個bug,在root.sh腳本中,自動將OUI_SILENT參數設置爲TRUE, 而後的檢查中,如果發現這個值爲TRUE,那麽這個腳本運行會自動退出了。 這裏需要手工將其修改爲FALSE,然後使用root執行: 代碼: [root@enterprice64 11.1]# ./root.sh Running Oracle 11g root.sh script... The following environment variables are set as: ORACLE_OWNER= oracle ORACLE_HOME= /data/oracle/product/11.1 Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]: The file "dbhome" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n) [n]: y Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ... The file "oraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n) [n]: y Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ... The file "coraenv" already exists in /usr/local/bin. Overwrite it? (y/n) [n]: y Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ... Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created Finished running generic part of root.sh script. Now product-specific root actions will be performed. Finished product-specific root actions. 對于root.sh的執行不要使用. root.sh的方式,這種方式可能造成腳本陷入死循環。 至此,數據庫軟件的安裝已經完成,如果系統啓動了SELINUX,那麽這裏還需要處理一個bug: 利用root改變SELINUX的設置: 代碼: [root@enterprice64 ~]# setenforce 0 至此,Oracle軟件已經安裝完畢: 代碼: [oracle@enterprice64 ~]$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba" SQL*Plus: Release 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on Mon Oct 22 14:07:28 2007 Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to an idle instance. SQL> 上面介紹了如何在SILENT方式下安裝11.1.0.6:[url=http://yangtingkun.itpub.net/post/468/407375]http://yangtingkun.itpub.net/post/468/407375[/url] 這篇繼續介紹SILENT模式下的數據庫建立過程。 通過SILENT模式安裝數據庫之後,下面繼續使用SILENT模式進行數據庫的建立,仍然是拷貝安裝目錄下的/database/reponse/dbca.rsp到安裝目錄,並進行編譯,根據數據庫建立方式的不同編輯不同的數據庫庫選項。 比如在本次安裝過程中設置了下列參數: RESPONSEFILE_VERSION = "11.1.0" OPERATION_TYPE = "createDatabase" GDBNAME = "ora11g64.us.oracle.com" SID = "ora11g64" TEMPLATENAME = "New_Database.dbt" SYSPASSWORD = "test" SYSTEMPASSWORD = "test" SYSMANPASSWORD = "test" DBSNMPPASSWORD = "test" DATAFILEDESTINATION ="/data/oracle/oradata/ora11g64" RECOVERYAREADESTINATION="/data/oracle/flash_recovery_area" CHARACTERSET = "ZHS16GBK" TOTALMEMORY = "6000" TEMPLATENAME = "ora11g64" GDBNAME = "ora11g64.us.oracle.com" SCRIPTDESTINATION ="/data/oracle/admin/ora11g64/scripts" 其中最後三項不是必須的,這個的目的是在建立數據庫的同時生成腳本。 下面就可以開始SILENT模式的數據庫創建了: 代碼: [oracle@enterprice64 database]$ dbca -silent -responseFile /data/database/dbca.rsp Creating and starting Oracle instance 1% complete 3% complete Creating database files 6% complete Creating data dictionary views 7% complete 8% complete 9% complete 10% complete 11% complete 12% complete 14% complete 16% complete 17% complete 18% complete Adding Oracle JVM 23% complete 28% complete 33% complete 35% complete Adding Oracle Text 36% complete 37% complete 38% complete Adding Oracle XML DB 40% complete 41% complete 42% complete 45% complete Adding Oracle Multimedia 46% complete 47% complete 56% complete Adding Oracle OLAP 57% complete 58% complete 59% complete Adding Oracle Spatial 60% complete 61% complete 62% complete 63% complete 66% complete Adding Oracle Ultra Search 67% complete 73% complete Adding Enterprise Manager Repository 75% complete 76% complete Adding Oracle Application Express 80% complete 83% complete Adding Oracle Warehouse Builder 87% complete 90% complete Completing Database Creation 91% complete 92% complete 93% complete 94% complete 97% complete 100% complete Look at the log file "/data/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ora11g64/ora11g64.log" for further details. 數據庫建立完成: 代碼: [oracle@enterprice64 database]$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba" SQL*Plus: Release 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on Mon Oct 22 17:28:02 2007 Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.1.0.6.0 - 64bit Production With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options SQL> select * from v$version; BANNER ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.1.0.6.0 - 64bit Production PL/SQL Release 11.1.0.6.0 - Production CORE 11.1.0.6.0 Production TNS for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production NLSRTL Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production 最後可以利用netca來SILENT方式設置網絡部分,同樣的方法設置netca.rsp: RESPONSEFILE_VERSION="11.1" CREATE_TYPE= "CUSTOM" SHOW_GUI=false LOG_FILE=""/data/oracle/product/11.1/network/tools/log/netca.log"" INSTALLED_COMPONENTS={"server","net8","javavm"} INSTALL_TYPE=""typical"" LISTENER_NUMBER=1 LISTENER_NAMES={"LISTENER"} LISTENER_PROTOCOLS={"TCP;1521"} LISTENER_START=""LISTENER"" NAMING_METHODS={"TNSNAMES","ONAMES","HOSTNAME"} 設置的參數包括上面的部分,然後就可以使用netca啓動silent配置: 代碼: [oracle@enterprice64 database]$ netca /silent /responseFile /data/database/netca.rsp Mon Oct 22 18:26:40 CST 2007 Oracle Net Configuration Assistant Parsing command line arguments: Parameter "silent" = true Parameter "responsefile" = /data/database/netca.rsp Parameter "log" = /data/oracle/product/11.1/network/tools/log/netca.log Done parsing command line arguments. Oracle Net Services Configuration: Profile configuration complete. Listener started at port:1521 Oracle Net Listener Startup: Running Listener Control: /data/oracle/product/11.1/bin/lsnrctl start LISTENER Listener Control complete. Listener started successfully. Listener configuration complete. Oracle Net Services configuration successful. The exit code is 0 [oracle@enterprice64 database]$ lsnrctl status LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on 22-OCT-2007 18:31:20 Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=EXTPROC1521))) STATUS of the LISTENER ------------------------ Alias LISTENER Version TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.1.0.6.0 - Production Start Date 22-OCT-2007 18:26:40 Uptime 0 days 0 hr. 4 min. 39 sec Trace Level off Security ON: Local OS Authentication SNMP OFF Listener Parameter File /data/oracle/product/11.1/network/admin/listener.ora Listener Log File /data/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/enterprice64/listener/alert/log.xml Listening Endpoints Summary... (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521))) (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=enterprice64)(PORT=1521))) Services Summary... Service "ora11g64.us.oracle.com" has 1 instance(s). Instance "ora11g64", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service... Service "ora11g64XDB.us.oracle.com" has 1 instance(s). Instance "ora11g64", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service... Service "ora11g64_XPT.us.oracle.com" has 1 instance(s). Instance "ora11g64", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service... The command completed successfully 至此,SILENT安裝方式完成。
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