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[托福語法]托福英語語法指南—詞性變化

2007-07-13 06:26:52  編輯來源:互聯網  简体版  手機版  評論  字體: ||
 
 
  詞性混淆誤用一直是TOEEL考題中最重要的命題形式。它與「基本句子結構」(本書要點之1)和「平行結構」(本書要點之4)組成TOEEL命題的三大焦點。有關詞性混淆的試題主要集中在written Expression (16—40題)中,命題範圍包括

  (1)並列結構中詞性一致

  (2)形容詞與副詞混淆

  (3)形容詞與名詞混淆

  (4)名詞與動詞混淆

  其中,形容詞用錯的題型占此類命題的最大比例。詞性混淆常考題型及解題要點:

  1、並列連詞and but or結構要求詞性統一

  全真例題分析

  (1) Bigness. Boastful. And strong. Frontiersman Mike Fink was the subject of many folk tales. (93.3)

  [答案] A並列連詞and連接三個形容詞,故(A)Bigness應改爲Big。

  (2) The success of a naval ship is determined by its seaworthiness, speedy ,and maneuverability. (92.10)

  [答案] D並列連詞and連接三個名詞,而speed是形容詞,故應改爲speed。

  (3) Regulation of public utilities in the United States is carried out by locally state and federal governments. (92.5)

  [答案] D並列連詞and連接三個形容詞性質的詞,共同修飾後面的中心詞governnenrfs。而locally是副詞,應改爲local。

  (4) In Middle Ages. Books called bestiaries were prepared in an attempt to describe animals, real or imagine, that exemplified human traits. (92.5)

  [答案] B並列連詞or前面是形容詞real。之後亦應是形容詞imaginary。

  2、形容詞錯用爲副詞

  解題要點形容詞用來修飾說明名詞或名詞性成分的,而副詞則可修飾除名詞以外的所有詞性及句子成分。

  全真例題分析

  (1) Animal life on Prince Edward island is confined large to ducks. Pheasants. And rabbits (93.5)

  [答案]C修飾限定介詞短語to ducks pheasants and rabbits應用副詞largely。

  (2) The General Sherman tree a giant sequoia in California, has grown to be the world*s largest plant at approximate 272 feet tall.

  [答案] D修飾說明數詞(272)應用副詞approximately。

  (3) Because its body is supported by water, the blue whale can grow to a size considerable larger than any land maMMal alive today. (93.8)

  [答案]修飾形容詞短語larger than...應用副詞形式considerably。

  (4) Once an important port of entry for immigrants to the United States. Island recent reopened its great hall s a museum of immigration. (92.8)詞性是否正確,是否錯用爲動詞。

  全真例題分析

  (1) The work saga is often application to any narration of events of the past, whether mythical or historical in character. (92.10)

  [答案] A application應改爲applied,作謂語動詞的被動語態。

  (2) Administrative assistants are often expected to make decisions, supervision staff, delegate responsibility, and work harmoniously with managers and fellow cmployces. (92.100

  [答案] B supervision改爲動詞原形supervise與後面名詞組成動賓結構。

  (3) Fascination by the promise of the internal engine and its application to a self-propelled vehicle, Henly Ford constructed a one-cylinder gasoline motor in 1892. (93.10)

  [答案] A Fascination改爲Fascinated,與後面的by組成過去分詞短語作狀語。

  (4) From 1872 to, Alice Elvira Freeman was Dean of Women at the newly foundation University of Chicago. (93.8)

  [答案] D foundation改爲founded過去分詞作定語,修飾University of Chicago

  3、由表示詞性的後綴- fur ,-tie -enc., -ent,-tive都很可能是此題的考試焦點

  全真例題分析

  (1) Few theories are originality enough to be called unique. (92.10)

  [答案] C名詞originality應改爲形容詞original作表語。

  (2) Height, powerful and speed are attributes that coaches often look for in basketball players. (93.8)

  [答案] A形容詞powerful應改爲名詞power,與height和speed並列。

  (3) A major purpose of scientific analysts is to idenufy and examine causal connections between independent and dependence variables. (93.1)

  [答案] D名詞dependence應改爲形容詞dependent,用來修飾後面的名詞variables。

  (4) A deficient of folic acid is rarely found in humans because the vitamin is contained in a wide variety of foods. (92.8)

  [答案]A形容詞deficient改爲名詞deficiency。作主語。

  (5) In nature, the distributive of plants is obviously

  related to climate. (90.8)

  [答案] B形容詞distributive改爲名詞distribution,用主語。

  (6) A foreign exchange rate is a price that reflects the relative supply and demand of difference currencies. (93.5)

  [答案] D名詞difference改爲形容詞different,修飾後面的名詞。
 
 
 
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詞性混淆誤用一直是TOEEL考題中最重要的命題形式。它與「基本句子結構」(本書要點之1)和「平行結構」(本書要點之4)組成TOEEL命題的三大焦點。有關詞性混淆的試題主要集中在written Expression (16—40題)中,命題範圍包括   (1)並列結構中詞性一致   (2)形容詞與副詞混淆   (3)形容詞與名詞混淆   (4)名詞與動詞混淆   其中,形容詞用錯的題型占此類命題的最大比例。詞性混淆常考題型及解題要點:   1、並列連詞and but or結構要求詞性統一   全真例題分析   (1) Bigness. Boastful. And strong. Frontiersman Mike Fink was the subject of many folk tales. (93.3)   [答案] A並列連詞and連接三個形容詞,故(A)Bigness應改爲Big。   (2) The success of a naval ship is determined by its seaworthiness, speedy ,and maneuverability. (92.10)   [答案] D並列連詞and連接三個名詞,而speed是形容詞,故應改爲speed。   (3) Regulation of public utilities in the United States is carried out by locally state and federal governments. (92.5)   [答案] D並列連詞and連接三個形容詞性質的詞,共同修飾後面的中心詞governnenrfs。而locally是副詞,應改爲local。   (4) In Middle Ages. Books called bestiaries were prepared in an attempt to describe animals, real or imagine, that exemplified human traits. (92.5)   [答案] B並列連詞or前面是形容詞real。之後亦應是形容詞imaginary。   2、形容詞錯用爲副詞   解題要點形容詞用來修飾說明名詞或名詞性成分的,而副詞則可修飾除名詞以外的所有詞性及句子成分。   全真例題分析   (1) Animal life on Prince Edward island is confined large to ducks. Pheasants. And rabbits (93.5)   [答案]C修飾限定介詞短語to ducks pheasants and rabbits應用副詞largely。   (2) The General Sherman tree a giant sequoia in California, has grown to be the world*s largest plant at approximate 272 feet tall.   [答案] D修飾說明數詞(272)應用副詞approximately。   (3) Because its body is supported by water, the blue whale can grow to a size considerable larger than any land maMMal alive today. (93.8)   [答案]修飾形容詞短語larger than...應用副詞形式considerably。   (4) Once an important port of entry for immigrants to the United States. Island recent reopened its great hall s a museum of immigration. (92.8)詞性是否正確,是否錯用爲動詞。   全真例題分析   (1) The work saga is often application to any narration of events of the past, whether mythical or historical in character. (92.10)   [答案] A application應改爲applied,作謂語動詞的被動語態。   (2) Administrative assistants are often expected to make decisions, supervision staff, delegate responsibility, and work harmoniously with managers and fellow cmployces. (92.100   [答案] B supervision改爲動詞原形supervise與後面名詞組成動賓結構。   (3) Fascination by the promise of the internal engine and its application to a self-propelled vehicle, Henly Ford constructed a one-cylinder gasoline motor in 1892. (93.10)   [答案] A Fascination改爲Fascinated,與後面的by組成過去分詞短語作狀語。   (4) From 1872 to, Alice Elvira Freeman was Dean of Women at the newly foundation University of Chicago. (93.8)   [答案] D foundation改爲founded過去分詞作定語,修飾University of Chicago   3、由表示詞性的後綴- fur ,-tie -enc., -ent,-tive都很可能是此題的考試焦點   全真例題分析   (1) Few theories are originality enough to be called unique. (92.10)   [答案] C名詞originality應改爲形容詞original作表語。   (2) Height, powerful and speed are attributes that coaches often look for in basketball players. (93.8)   [答案] A形容詞powerful應改爲名詞power,與height和speed並列。   (3) A major purpose of scientific analysts is to idenufy and examine causal connections between independent and dependence variables. (93.1)   [答案] D名詞dependence應改爲形容詞dependent,用來修飾後面的名詞variables。   (4) A deficient of folic acid is rarely found in humans because the vitamin is contained in a wide variety of foods. (92.8)   [答案]A形容詞deficient改爲名詞deficiency。作主語。   (5) In nature, the distributive of plants is obviously   related to climate. (90.8)   [答案] B形容詞distributive改爲名詞distribution,用主語。   (6) A foreign exchange rate is a price that reflects the relative supply and demand of difference currencies. (93.5)   [答案] D名詞difference改爲形容詞different,修飾後面的名詞。
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