| 導購 | 订阅 | 在线投稿
分享
 
 
 

直接引語怎麽變間接引語?

來源:互聯網  2012-03-24 00:11:45  評論
分類: 教育/科學 >> 學習幫助
問題描述:

要詳細!


參考答案:

一、如何變人稱:

下面有一句順口溜「一隨主。二隨賓,第三人稱不更新」。「一隨主」是指在直接引語變間接引語時,如果從句中的主語是第一人稱或被第一人稱所修飾。從句中的人稱要按照主句中主語的人稱變化如:

She said. "My brother wants to go with me. "→She said her brother wanted to go with her.

「二隨賓」是指直接引語變間接引語時,若從句中的主語及賓語是第二人稱。或被第二人你所修飾。從句中的人稱要跟引號外的主句的賓語一致。如果引號外的主句沒有賓語。也可以用第一人稱,如:

He said to Kate. "How is your sister now?"→He asked Kate how her sister was then。

「第三人稱不更新」是指直接引語變間接引語時。如果從句中的主語及賓語是第三人稱或被第三人稱所修飾從句中的人稱一般不需要變化如:

Mr Smith said。 "Jack is a good worker。"→Mr Smith said Jack was a good worker。

二、如何變時態:

直接引語在改爲間接引語時、時態需要做相應的調整。

現在時它需改爲過去時態;過去時態改爲完成時;過去完成時則保留原來的時態。如:

1)She said. "I have lost a pen."→She said she had lost a pen

2)She said. "We hope so."→She said they hoped so.

3) She said. "He will go to see his friend。"→She said he would go to see his friend。

但要注意在以下幾種情況下。在直接引語變爲間接引語時,時態一般不變化。

①直接引語是客觀真理。

"The earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth, the teacher told me. → The teacher told me the earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth。

②直接引語是過去進行時,時態不變。如:

Jack said. "John, where were you going when I met you in the street?"→Jack asked John where he was going when he met him in the street。

③直接引語中有具體的過去某年、某月、某日作狀語,變爲間接引語時,時態不變。如:

Xiao Wang said. "I was born on April 2l, 1980。" →Xiao Wang said he was born on April 20, 1980。

④直接引語如果是一般現在時。表示一種反複出現或習慣性的動作,變間接引語,時態不變。如:

He said, "I get up at six every morning。" →He said he gets up at six every morning。

⑤如果直接引語中的情態動詞沒有過去時的形式(例:ought to, had better, used to)和已經是過去時的形式時,(例:could, should, would, might)不再變。如:

Peter said. "You had better come have today。" →Peter said I had better go there that day。

三、如何變狀語:

直接引語變間接引語,狀語變化有其內在規津,時間狀語由「現在」改爲「原來」(例:now變爲then, yesterday。變爲 the day before)地點狀語,尤其表示方向性的,或用指示代詞修飾的狀語,由「此」改爲「彼」(例:this 改爲that),如:

He said, "These books are mine." →He said those books were his.

四、如何變句型:

①直接引語如果是陳述句,間接引語應改爲由that引導的賓語從句。如:She said, "Our bus will arrive in five minutes."→She said that their bus would arrive in five minutes.

②直接引語如果是反意疑問句,選擇疑問句或一般疑問句,間接引語應改爲由whether或if引導的賓語從句.如:He said, "Can you swim, John?" →He asked John if he could swim.

"You have finished the homework, haven『t you?" my mother asked. →My mother asked me whether I had finished the homework.

"Do you go to school by bus or by bike?" →He asked me if I went to school by bus or by bike.

③直接引語如果是特殊問句,間接引語應該改爲由疑問代詞或疑問副詞引導的賓語從句(賓語從句必須用陳述句語序)。

She asked me, "When do they have their dinner?"→ She asked me when they had their dinner.

④直接引語如果是祈使句,間接引語應改爲"tell(ask, order, beg等) sb (not) to do sth."句型。如:

"Don』t make any noise," she said to the children. →She told (ordered) the children not to make any noise. "Bring me a cup of tea, please," said she.→She asked him to bring her a cup of tea.

⑤直接引語如果是以「Let『s」開頭的祈使句,變爲間接引語時,通常用「suggest +動句詞(或從句)。」如:

He said, "Let』s go to the film." →He suggested going to the film.或He suggested that they should go to see the film.

引述別人的話有兩種方式:一是使用引號引出人家的原話,這叫做直接引語;一是用自己的話把人家的話轉述出來,這叫做間接引語。例如:

John said, "I』m going to London with my father."

約翰說:"我要和父親到倫敦去。"(引號內是直接引語)

John said that he was going to London with his father.

約翰說,他要和他父親去倫敦。(賓語從句是間接引語)

由直接引語變爲間接引語,分以下情況:

1. 直接引語是陳述句時

間接引語爲that引導的賓語從句(口語中that可以省略),主句的引述動詞主要有say ,tell, repeat, explain, think等。

He said , "You are younger than I."-』He said (that ) I was younger than him.

2.直接引語是疑問句時

間接引語爲陳述語序:主句的謂語動詞say 改爲ask,或改爲wonder, do not know, want to know, be not sure, be puzzled等。

(1) 一般疑問句或反意疑問句變爲if (whether)引導的賓語從句。

She said, "Do you often come here to read newspapers?"

→She asked me if (或whether)I often went there to read newspapers.

She asked me , "You have seen the film, haven』t you?"

→She asked me whether(或if )I had seen the film.

(2) 選擇疑問句變爲whether….or 賓語從句。

I asked him, "Will you stay at home or go to a film tonight?"

→I asked him whether he would stay at home or go to a film that night.

(3)特殊疑問句變爲由原來的疑問詞引導的賓語從句。

He asked , "Where do you live?"

→He asked me where I lived.

3.直接引語是祈使句時

間接引語爲不定式,作ask , tell, beg, order, warn, advise等動詞的賓語補足語(don』t 變爲not ).

The teacher said to the boy, "Open the window."→The teacher told the boy to open the window.

His father said to him , "Don』t leave the door open."→His father told him not to leave the door open.

[注意]

(1) 有些表示建議、提議、勸告或要求的祈使句,可以用suggest ,insist等動詞 加以轉述。例如:

He said, "Let』s go to the theatre."

→He suggested (our )going to the theatre.或He suggested that we(should) go to the theatre.

(2) "Would you mind opening the window?" he asked.

→He asked me to open the window.

"Why don』t you take a walk after supper?" he asked .

→he advised me to take a walk after supper.

"Shall we listen to the music?" he asked.

→He suggested listening to the music.

4.直接引語是感歎句時

間接引語爲what 或how 引導,也可以用that 引導。

She said, "What a lovely day it is !"

→She said what a lovely day it was .或She said that it was a lovely day.

5.如果主句謂語動詞爲各種現在時或一般將來時,則間接引語中的動詞仍保持直接引語原來時態。如果主句謂語動詞爲過去時,間接引語中的動詞時態按下列變化:

(1) 一般現在時變爲一般過去時

(2) 現在進行時變爲過去進行時

(3) 一般將來時變爲過去將來時

(4) 現在完成時變爲過去完成時

(5) 一般過去時變爲過去完成時

(6) 過去完成時不變,仍爲過去完成時

[注意]

(1) 如果直接引語是表示客觀真理時,變爲間接引語,一般現在時不改爲一般過去時。如:

The teacher said "The earth goes round the sun."

→The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun.

(2) 如果直接引語中有明確表示過時間的狀語,變爲間接引語時,一般過去時不改爲過去完成時。如:

He said to me, "I was born in 1973."

→He told me that he was born in 1973.

(3)如果直接引語所述事實在當時和目前同樣生效,變爲間接賓語時,一般現在時不改爲一般過去時。如:

He said, "I』m a boy, not a girl."

→He said that he is a boy ,not a girl.

(4)如果直接引語中的謂語動詞表示一種反複出現或習慣動作,在變爲間接引時,一般現在時不改爲一般過去時。如:

The girl said, "I get up at six every morning."

→The girl said that she gets up at six every morning.

(5)如果直接引語中含有since, when, while 引導的表示過去時間的狀語從句,在變爲間接引語時,只改變主句中的謂語動詞,從句的一般過去時則不變。如:

He said to me, "I have taught English since he came here ."

→He told me that he had taught English since he came here.

(6)如果直接引語中含有情態動詞 must, need, had better以及情態動詞的過去式could, might, should, would,在變爲間接引語時,這些情態動詞沒有時態的改變。例如:

The teacher said to me . "You must pay more attention to your pronunciation."

→The teacher told me that I must (have to ) pay more attention to my pronunciation.

He said , "I could swim when I was only six ."

→He said that he could swim when he was only six.

6.代詞等一般地應作用相應的變化。

指示代詞 this ---that

these--- those

表示時間的詞 now --- then

today--- that day

this week(month ,etc) ----that week (month ,etc)

yesterday ----the day before

last week(month) --- the week(month) before

three days(a year)ago---three days(a year)before

tomorrow ----the next (following ) day

next week(month)--the next(following)week(month)

表地點的詞 here --there

動詞 bring -- take

come --go

[b]分类:[/b] 教育/科学 >> 学习帮助[br][b]问题描述:[/b][br]要詳細![br][b]参考答案:[/b][br]一、如何變人稱: 下面有一句順口溜「一隨主。二隨賓,第三人稱不更新」。「一隨主」是指在直接引語變間接引語時,如果從句中的主語是第一人稱或被第一人稱所修飾。從句中的人稱要按照主句中主語的人稱變化如: She said. "My brother wants to go with me. "→She said her brother wanted to go with her. 「二隨賓」是指直接引語變間接引語時,若從句中的主語及賓語是第二人稱。或被第二人你所修飾。從句中的人稱要跟引號外的主句的賓語一致。如果引號外的主句沒有賓語。也可以用第一人稱,如: He said to Kate. "How is your sister now?"→He asked Kate how her sister was then。 「第三人稱不更新」是指直接引語變間接引語時。如果從句中的主語及賓語是第三人稱或被第三人稱所修飾從句中的人稱一般不需要變化如: Mr Smith said。 "Jack is a good worker。"→Mr Smith said Jack was a good worker。 二、如何變時態: 直接引語在改爲間接引語時、時態需要做相應的調整。 現在時它需改爲過去時態;過去時態改爲完成時;過去完成時則保留原來的時態。如: 1)She said. "I have lost a pen."→She said she had lost a pen 2)She said. "We hope so."→She said they hoped so. 3) She said. "He will go to see his friend。"→She said he would go to see his friend。 但要注意在以下幾種情況下。在直接引語變爲間接引語時,時態一般不變化。 ①直接引語是客觀真理。 "The earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth, the teacher told me. → The teacher told me the earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth。 ②直接引語是過去進行時,時態不變。如: Jack said. "John, where were you going when I met you in the street?"→Jack asked John where he was going when he met him in the street。 ③直接引語中有具體的過去某年、某月、某日作狀語,變爲間接引語時,時態不變。如: Xiao Wang said. "I was born on April 2l, 1980。" →Xiao Wang said he was born on April 20, 1980。 ④直接引語如果是一般現在時。表示一種反複出現或習慣性的動作,變間接引語,時態不變。如: He said, "I get up at six every morning。" →He said he gets up at six every morning。 ⑤如果直接引語中的情態動詞沒有過去時的形式(例:ought to, had better, used to)和已經是過去時的形式時,(例:could, should, would, might)不再變。如: Peter said. "You had better come have today。" →Peter said I had better go there that day。 三、如何變狀語: 直接引語變間接引語,狀語變化有其內在規津,時間狀語由「現在」改爲「原來」(例:now變爲then, yesterday。變爲 the day before)地點狀語,尤其表示方向性的,或用指示代詞修飾的狀語,由「此」改爲「彼」(例:this 改爲that),如: He said, "These books are mine." →He said those books were his. 四、如何變句型: ①直接引語如果是陳述句,間接引語應改爲由that引導的賓語從句。如:She said, "Our bus will arrive in five minutes."→She said that their bus would arrive in five minutes. ②直接引語如果是反意疑問句,選擇疑問句或一般疑問句,間接引語應改爲由whether或if引導的賓語從句.如:He said, "Can you swim, John?" →He asked John if he could swim. "You have finished the homework, haven『t you?" my mother asked. →My mother asked me whether I had finished the homework. "Do you go to school by bus or by bike?" →He asked me if I went to school by bus or by bike. ③直接引語如果是特殊問句,間接引語應該改爲由疑問代詞或疑問副詞引導的賓語從句(賓語從句必須用陳述句語序)。 She asked me, "When do they have their dinner?"→ She asked me when they had their dinner. ④直接引語如果是祈使句,間接引語應改爲"tell(ask, order, beg等) sb (not) to do sth."句型。如: "Don』t make any noise," she said to the children. →She told (ordered) the children not to make any noise. "Bring me a cup of tea, please," said she.→She asked him to bring her a cup of tea. ⑤直接引語如果是以「Let『s」開頭的祈使句,變爲間接引語時,通常用「suggest +動句詞(或從句)。」如: He said, "Let』s go to the film." →He suggested going to the film.或He suggested that they should go to see the film. 引述別人的話有兩種方式:一是使用引號引出人家的原話,這叫做直接引語;一是用自己的話把人家的話轉述出來,這叫做間接引語。例如: John said, "I』m going to London with my father." 約翰說:"我要和父親到倫敦去。"(引號內是直接引語) John said that he was going to London with his father. 約翰說,他要和他父親去倫敦。(賓語從句是間接引語) 由直接引語變爲間接引語,分以下情況: 1. 直接引語是陳述句時 間接引語爲that引導的賓語從句(口語中that可以省略),主句的引述動詞主要有say ,tell, repeat, explain, think等。 He said , "You are younger than I."-』He said (that ) I was younger than him. 2.直接引語是疑問句時 間接引語爲陳述語序:主句的謂語動詞say 改爲ask,或改爲wonder, do not know, want to know, be not sure, be puzzled等。 (1) 一般疑問句或反意疑問句變爲if (whether)引導的賓語從句。 She said, "Do you often come here to read newspapers?" →She asked me if (或whether)I often went there to read newspapers. She asked me , "You have seen the film, haven』t you?" →She asked me whether(或if )I had seen the film. (2) 選擇疑問句變爲whether….or 賓語從句。 I asked him, "Will you stay at home or go to a film tonight?" →I asked him whether he would stay at home or go to a film that night. (3)特殊疑問句變爲由原來的疑問詞引導的賓語從句。 He asked , "Where do you live?" →He asked me where I lived. 3.直接引語是祈使句時 間接引語爲不定式,作ask , tell, beg, order, warn, advise等動詞的賓語補足語(don』t 變爲not ). The teacher said to the boy, "Open the window."→The teacher told the boy to open the window. His father said to him , "Don』t leave the door open."→His father told him not to leave the door open. [注意] (1) 有些表示建議、提議、勸告或要求的祈使句,可以用suggest ,insist等動詞 加以轉述。例如: He said, "Let』s go to the theatre." →He suggested (our )going to the theatre.或He suggested that we(should) go to the theatre. (2) "Would you mind opening the window?" he asked. →He asked me to open the window. "Why don』t you take a walk after supper?" he asked . →he advised me to take a walk after supper. "Shall we listen to the music?" he asked. →He suggested listening to the music. 4.直接引語是感歎句時 間接引語爲what 或how 引導,也可以用that 引導。 She said, "What a lovely day it is !" →She said what a lovely day it was .或She said that it was a lovely day. 5.如果主句謂語動詞爲各種現在時或一般將來時,則間接引語中的動詞仍保持直接引語原來時態。如果主句謂語動詞爲過去時,間接引語中的動詞時態按下列變化: (1) 一般現在時變爲一般過去時 (2) 現在進行時變爲過去進行時 (3) 一般將來時變爲過去將來時 (4) 現在完成時變爲過去完成時 (5) 一般過去時變爲過去完成時 (6) 過去完成時不變,仍爲過去完成時 [注意] (1) 如果直接引語是表示客觀真理時,變爲間接引語,一般現在時不改爲一般過去時。如: The teacher said "The earth goes round the sun." →The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun. (2) 如果直接引語中有明確表示過時間的狀語,變爲間接引語時,一般過去時不改爲過去完成時。如: He said to me, "I was born in 1973." →He told me that he was born in 1973. (3)如果直接引語所述事實在當時和目前同樣生效,變爲間接賓語時,一般現在時不改爲一般過去時。如: He said, "I』m a boy, not a girl." →He said that he is a boy ,not a girl. (4)如果直接引語中的謂語動詞表示一種反複出現或習慣動作,在變爲間接引時,一般現在時不改爲一般過去時。如: The girl said, "I get up at six every morning." →The girl said that she gets up at six every morning. (5)如果直接引語中含有since, when, while 引導的表示過去時間的狀語從句,在變爲間接引語時,只改變主句中的謂語動詞,從句的一般過去時則不變。如: He said to me, "I have taught English since he came here ." →He told me that he had taught English since he came here. (6)如果直接引語中含有情態動詞 must, need, had better以及情態動詞的過去式could, might, should, would,在變爲間接引語時,這些情態動詞沒有時態的改變。例如: The teacher said to me . "You must pay more attention to your pronunciation." →The teacher told me that I must (have to ) pay more attention to my pronunciation. He said , "I could swim when I was only six ." →He said that he could swim when he was only six. 6.代詞等一般地應作用相應的變化。 指示代詞 this ---that these--- those 表示時間的詞 now --- then today--- that day this week(month ,etc) ----that week (month ,etc) yesterday ----the day before last week(month) --- the week(month) before three days(a year)ago---three days(a year)before tomorrow ----the next (following ) day next week(month)--the next(following)week(month) 表地點的詞 here --there 動詞 bring -- take come --go
󰈣󰈤
王朝萬家燈火計劃
期待原創作者加盟
 
 
 
>>返回首頁<<
 
 
 
 
 熱帖排行
 
 
 
靜靜地坐在廢墟上,四周的荒凉一望無際,忽然覺得,淒涼也很美
© 2005- 王朝網路 版權所有